UNDP’s 2023 poverty report shows India’s poverty reduction fastest, Africa improving but gap remains

Foreign Related documents carefully thank you besides tissue and you know what wouldn’t you rather that it remains this way because you’d much rather have debate politics around removal of poverty reduction of poverty Improvement in people’s lives than about so many other faulted things which are also important but not as important as improvement in

Our quality of life now one reminder of this issue come from data and that data comes from very credible sources this is this is a report called Global multi-dimensional poverty index that is released every year by undp that is United Nations development program and ophi Oxford poverty and human

Development initiative so these two organizations produce this report which takes data now the important thing to remember is that these two organizations are not collecting their own data so they are not conducting surveys of their own and looking for data because after all these are sovereign countries

They’ve looked at 110 countries and they mine the data available from those countries now that creates its own complications because all countries don’t hold their service at the same time all all countries have a varying varying degree of quality with their data some have data available till say

2019 some have till 2021 which is the case for example with India say Pakistan until 2017 2019 Bangladesh also and then you go to sub-Saharan Africa where most of the world’s poverty is again data for various periods is available or not available for India the data is

Available from 2005 six onwards for many other countries it isn’t it only becomes available later so a straight straight mangoes for mangoes or what used to be called apples for apples as usual in India I call it mangoes for mangoes that comparison is not always possible yet broad indicator

Available so the latest report which is global debt multi-dimensional poverty index of 2023 has come out it’s titled unstacking Global poverty data for high impact action if you look at this it reminds you that that in the sustainable development goals it was targeted at one of the achievable things by 2030 was the

Was the eradication of what is called as multi-dimensional poverty now multi-dimensional poverty is different from the conventional definition of poverty in India it was called the Tendulkar line of poverty there were other other indicators of economic poverty for example even the UN said until the last survey they used to say

One dollar 90 cents a day now it’s two dollars 15 cents a day so that’s that’s if you are just under 200 rupees a day you are below the poverty line but that’s only economic poverty or only monetary poverty multi-dimensional Poverty Looks at many indicators from health education quality

Of life assets I will give you a breakup of that as we go along so if you look at all that sdg said that is sustainable development goals these had targeted eradication of this poverty by 2030 as things stand today this survey tells us that 1.1 billion people that is 110

Crore people in the world are still living below the poverty line by the definitions of this multi-dimensional poverty the important thing however is that many countries May many countries have reduced their poverty very greatly now if you look at if you look at a country like India for

Example India has done a fantastic job of it in India for example in 2005 6 55 percent of our population 55 percent of our population was below the poverty line according to this multi-dimensional poverty definition by 2015-16 they said halved to 27.7 by 2019-21 for which data is available

Mainly from nfhs5 National Family Health survey five it came down to 16.4 percent so if you begin with 2005 then one in two Indians in fact more than one in two Indians in a way were living below the poverty line by 2015-16 it was one in

Four and by 2021 it became one in six so that’s a very big Improvement and similar early improvements were made by other countries as well in other regions as well however this survey also tells us where does poverty lie in the world poverty is very heavily concentrated in

Sub-Saharan Africa at this point if the if there are 110 crore people living below the poverty line below the multi-dimensional poverty line 53.4 crore of them are living in sub-Saharan Africa but you know what which is the second worst region that is our region South Asia as they survey the U.N

Describes it or the Indian subcontinent which is how I prefer to put it so 53.4 crore of this abject poor live in sub-Saharan Africa 38.9 crore still still live in South Asia or the India’s Indian subcontinent which is really a shame because the region could have done or should have

Done a lot better now other countries in the region have made progress Pakistan has made progress although data is only available till 2017 Pakistan’s poverty line again according to this definition has come down from 44.5 percent in 2012 to 38.3 percent in 2017 so you can see a decline

Similarly there has been a decline in in Bangladesh as well but overall 38.9 crore of these abject poor live in the Indian subcontinent 38.9 crore in the Indian subcontinent about 23 crores may be little more than 23 crore reside in India in terms of absolute numbers it is

Still the largest number of poor people for any country in the world but that’s because it is such a large population India is such a large population so the base is that much higher now if you might recall last year when the when the same report for 2022 had come out we had

Done another episode of Katta clutter talking about many of these issues and specifically in detail about India I am sharing a link to that episode with you that was number 1097 1097 so if you want to read or watch more about Indian data you can go back

To that it is the same same data from India no fresh data has been made available to undp after that but if you look at this report now you can you can find many other important indicators about the entire world and about India as well so see for example one this

Report tells us that that higher the incidence of poverty in a country or a region the higher is the intensity what is the intensity intensity is if there are so many so many indicators of deprivation or so many dimensions of poverty the more Dimensions you suffer from that gives you a percentage that

Gives you a percentage so if it’s below 33 percent it’s light then it gets more intense as it goes higher and higher there are regions in the world when it gets it gets up to 90 percent to a hundred percent so that is how the intensity of poverty goes up so wherever

You have a large number of poor people living in one area intensity also tends to be higher that is one also sounds reasonable number two number two what follows from this is that if 110 crore people in the world live below this poverty line now about half of these or

Maybe 45 percent of these that is 48.5 crore people live in severe poverty that is in high intensity poverty which means the deprivation or weighted deprivation weighted means where where weightage is applied to each factor of deprivation that is between 50 to 100 percent then follows further that 99 million that is

Nine point nine crores say about 10 crore of people are deprived in all three dimensions all three dimensions and they and they suffer from 70 to 100 percent weighted deprivation what these dimensions are we’ll show you in a chart in fact look at the chart I will also

Explain it for you the chart will come back these dimensions are health education and living standards and the next point that follows from this is 10 million of the 12 million people who live in the highest deprivation score that is 90 to 100 percent deprivation they live in sub-Saharan Africa again

See some some more striking data 50 percent 50 percent of 1.1 billion that is 110 crore poor people in the world 50 percent or 56.6 crores 566 million are children under the age of 18 it so happens that poorer people also tend to have higher fertility rates so 56

56.6 crores out of this 110 crore really poor people across the world are children under the age of 18. 84 percent of all poor people live in rural areas so once again this is something that we have known for a long time that people in urban areas tend to be less poor or

Tend to suffer less from from poverty there can be a lot of poor people in the cities as well but poverty is much more intense in the rural areas in fact if we cut this data only for India in India almost 90 percent of the really poor

People in India live in rural areas just about 10 percent live in urban areas that once again reminds us of the need to urbanize something that politically is not very fashionable in a country like India none of our leaders talks about building cities in fact the odd leader who might have talked about

Building a city says in Andhra they’ve paid a price for it they’ve paid a price for it politically so before we proceed with the rest of the data let me also highlight one happy data point for you which is of the 110 countries surveyed 25 as many as 25 have halved or more

Than halved their poverty rate in 15 years so maybe it’s not a perfect word but a lot of good things are happening in the country now understand this multi-dimensional poverty we explained this in episode 1097 but I am doing it again very briefly and see this chart some of these

Charts we are taking from the undp report some of these charts my colleagues have done in the print Newsroom so this chart is from the undp report this tells you about the three dimensions of poverty that is health education and living standards under Health you get nutrition and child

Mortality under education we have years of schooling and School attendance and under living standards we have cooking fuel sanitation drinking water electricity housing and assets right these are very important data points and I will come back to it in just a bit when we talk about India specifically

Then where do the world’s poor live again look at these charts we have taken these from the undp report these tell you the first pie chart tells you where do the world’s poor live and you can see that 47.8 percent of them live in sub-Saharan Africa but at the same time

Look at South Asia a lot a lot of them live in South Asia as well that is 38.9 crores or 34.9 percent of the poor live in South Asia so these two regions account for a lot of the world’s absolute poor again the second part pie chart tells you the same regions the

Same respective regions share of the world population the Indian subcontinent has 30 nine percent of the world’s population but unfortunately and unfortunately about the same percentage or maybe a little bit higher percentage than that of the world’s poverty so once again so ours is the region that despite

Its talent and despite its many many privileges including great education system Etc still punches way below its weight now I will share the next set of charts with you so look at this chart again from the undp report this is the intensity of poverty chart again you see see where

Does India feature there these are complex charts and I am not going into each country but this charts on your screen are on your screen this video is with you you can refer to them anytime you feel like and I’m also sharing the full undp report with you so you can you

Can read that as well now if you look at poverty intensity for example look at this graphic this tells you that India still has a high poverty intensity of 42 percent but still it is on the lower at the lower end of this poverty index if

You want to see the worst side of it you have to go to sub-Saharan Africa so you can see Niger which is the worst at almost almost about 70 percent followed by chart Then followed by Central African Republic Mozambique is somewhere there also Ethiopia it’s also a bit said

Given the fact that some of these countries in fact most of these countries are very very mineral rich but they also suffer from what is called as the resource curse because these minerals we combined with poor governance no democracy etcetera in most of these countries dictatorships internal Wars these also invite foreign

Powers the Chinese got have got to many of these areas with nothing else on their minds but they are minerals and that’s and that’s not doing very much for the people of these areas see what’s happening in Ethiopia for example there’s been a war going on there for a

Very long time if you look at the next art now this tells you where severe poverty is distributed once again it’s a color-coded chart blue is the least worse or the best and deep red is the worst if you look at the deeper deep red the good thing is that the Indians that

The Indian subcontinent or what is described as South Asia in this case there the Deep Red is just a tiny very narrow thin strip which is very good for our regions Subs are and Subs are in Africa is the worst off and once again you can see on the chart it’s

Self-explanatory various colors and various levels of intensity and you can see how this severe poverty is distributed across the regions the next chart now gives you the arbor rural split and once again you can see that in all regions of the world there are many more poor people living in rural areas

Than in urban areas it’s only in sub-Saharan Africa where the number of percentage of poor people living in urban areas also High relatively High still a majority vast majority live in rural areas but in in the Indian subcontinent for example you can clearly see that urbanization is Health remove

Or reduce multi-dimensional poverty so this was this was a look at the state of the world state of poverty in the world and as we can see a lot of progress has been made and yet a lot needs to be done you want to know something about some

Individual countries I can give you some data if you look at India in India 415 million that is 41.5 crore people have been moved out or pushed out of poverty between two thousand five six and 2019-21 that’s fantastic large number of peoples have also come out of poverty

Say in China which is a much richer country than India so seven crore people in China between 2010 and 2014 China now has very few people below the poverty poverty line Bangladesh nearly two crore people that is 19 billion people between 2015 and 19 have come out of poverty

Indonesia 8 million between 2012 and 17 Pakistan 7 million between 2012-13 and 2017-18 and Nigeria also 5 million between 2018 2020 by Nigeria in fact should be doing a lot better because it is a major oil producer in the world right now but once again the questions of governance Etc come in so

That said you can see that poverty reduction now is a global phenomenon so having taken this quick look at the state of the world in terms of poverty and poverty reduction let’s also look at these two charts which tells you what’s happening with India what’s happening happening in India with two key

Indicators that is under the heads of health and Education Health we can see nutrition and you can see improvement from one Epoch to the other the three epoxy 2005 to 6 2015 to 16 and 2019 to 21 you can see Improvement under Health on this on the score of nutrition and

Child mortality similarly on education you see Improvement in years of schooling and also School attendant as well having said that a lot still needs to be done because 23 crore people living below this multi-dimensional poverty line in India in 2022-23 is still 23 crores too many foreign [Applause]


Poverty reduction is a welcome global phenomenon but 110 cr around the world, 50% of them under the age of 18, still continue to live in abject poverty. In Episode 1271 of Cut The Clutter, Editor-in-Chief Shekhar Gupta breaks down the findings of UNDP’s Multidimensional Poverty Index 2023.


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Cut The Clutter, Ep 1097: https://youtu.be/d3KEjsHPgjo

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21 Komentar

  1. Exclusive content, privileges & more – Subscribe to ThePrint for special benefits: https://theprint.in/subscribe/

  2. Now we would love to believe this report😊

  3. Congrats to 🇮🇳, now hopefully your neighbors will be forced to improve their poverty levels. We should drop our conflicts(easier said then done) and focus our efforts to reduce poverty

  4. Unbiased media like Quint and wire will never cover this..

  5. Abdul : 4 bibi 16 bachche allah ki dein hai aur berozgari ka jimmedar Modi hai..
    SG : 👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿

  6. This UNDP report should be slapped on the face of BBC, NYT & the Guardian

  7. Almost all states sponsors good amount free food supply and other facilities under various schemes, hence poverty is alleviated to a great extent.
    But the question is, is this model sustainable particularly with every new government freebies keeps on increasing.
    Over that we are not sure all the beneficiaries are Indian citizens and the growing population will make the matter worse.

  8. Credit goes to this mr gupta, of left bridade

  9. India is a country of shame as it has the largest number of poor people. This is because of India's corrupt ruling class who have looted this country.

  10. Somehow this pro Pakistan secular communist wants to prove even in current state of economic collapse in Pakistan the Pakistan has done economically very well than India and poverty in less in Pakistan. He doesn't understand mathematics. % and abosulte numbers are two different things. UN uses % to compare bcoz absolute figures cannot be compared when base figures are different. Instead he is using absolute figure to show Pakistan is superior.
    Indian sub continent is India region and South Asia is different. UN and you haven't gone and seen poverty in Thailand upto Vietnam.

    So somehow show Indians we are still poor and nothing in comparison to terror state Pakistan which used to pay hefty brides to Indian intellectuals to humiliate and shame and suppress hindus. Somehow wanted to be ruling class but couldn't, the boss Pakistan is in shambles.

    Poor quality self objectifying video.

  11. Shekhar doesn’t like any india story. So to start with, he picks holes in the report! So pathetic. Lage raho, Ayega toh Modiji hee! Find a safe seat for Sonia now

  12. In 2008 55 % people below poverty line. And that’s Nehru Indira contribution to India

  13. Shekar, just stay with India. Indian poverty is a main concern of your viewers.

  14. India is imroving on many levels and with fast pace but still we have a long road to go.

  15. Glad to see Mr Shekar acknowledging PM 0:55 Modi's government.

  16. Sabka sath sabka Vikas…. title toh acha hai
    Congress should also change….. upper caste people should also be into consideration…… with karghe Congress will not cross 100 Mark in lokasabha…. understand people who voted for Congress for state, will vote for modi at centre….. karghe is not a factor to recon

  17. Mean While Thousands of poor North Indians Coming to Chennai Central For Low Paying Jobs 😂

  18. I have a perspective, because the UN is a very old organisation and a lot of their practices are either old or not very effective. If there is some independent body for a country like India conducting this kind of survey on a regular basis, it would be more effective in portraying the right sentiment.

  19. You mentioned air force and navy used for cutting cake by ruling congress but you never mentioned air force used to lift our citizens snd ohers from war zone .This because that does not suit your azenda

  20. Lastest data was of 2019-20 …what about in 2023?

  21. The biggest joke in the 21st century is, intellectuals talk about Eradication of Global Poverty.

    They just have to look for avoidable loss in public funds and try to salvage same.

    There is a world record loss in audited (Financial) public constructions. It reached US $ 4 Trillion (4,000 Billions) per year in 1976.Even a lay man shall understand that this is an avoidable loss in public funds, as it is after auditing as Check & Balance to Govt. expenditure.

    Intellectuals should try to implement the GOPAC 2015 proposal of ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL AUDIT FOR GOVT. CONSTRUCTIONS, to salvage this loss.

    The joke is they all failed to see this big elephant (4,000 Billions loss per year) in the room.

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